What is Nigeria Law

What is Nigeria Law

What is Nigeria Law

Nigeria Laws are those laws that govern the activities of the country. They are the laws that control and coordinate the activities of the citizens. The Nigeria Laws work to main peace and order in the state. this post is going to list most of the Nigeria Laws.

  • Since 1963, only the southern, Christian-dominated states have been subject to the Nigerian Criminal Code, which is presently chapter 77 of the Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990. It was derived from the British colonial code that High Commissioner Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard, introduced in 1904 and later became the Criminal Code of 1916. Chapter 42 of the 1958 edition of the Laws of the Federation of Nigeria included it, and it only applied to the southern states of Nigeria after 1963.
  • The Penal Code of Northern Nigeria, often known as the Nigerian Penal Code, is currently chapter 89 of the Laws of Northern Nigeria 1963 and has only been applicable to the northern, Muslim-dominated states since 1960. The Sudanese Penal Code, which was derived from the Indian Penal Code, was first introduced on September 30, 1960.
  • Administration of Criminal Justice Act: In an effort to reform the administration of criminal justice in Nigeria, the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA) was signed into law in 2015. In Southern and Northern Nigeria, respectively, it repealed the Criminal Procedure Act (CPA) and Criminal Procedure Code (CPC).

Below are other Nigeria Laws

Acts of the National Assembly -Nigeria Law

The Bills of Exchange Act [1] (1917)

Electricity Ordinance Act 1929.

The Anatomy Act [2] (1933)

Electricity Corporation of Nigeria Ordinance 1950. No. 15.

The Acts Authentication Act [3] (1962)

The Niger Dams Act 1962.

National Electric Power Authority Decree 1972. No. 24.

National Electric Power Authority (Amendment) Act 1998. No. 29.

4th National Assembly : 1999 – 2003 (Nigeria Law)

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999[21]

The Criminal Code Act [6]

The Penal Code

The Child Right act 2003

National Electric Power Authority Act 2004.

Electric Power Sector Reform (EPSR) Act 2005. No. 6.

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5th National Assembly: 2003 – 2007 (Nigeria Law)

Border Communities Development Agency Act, 2003[22]

6th Parliament: 2007 – 2011 (Nigeria Law)

Public Procurement Act 2007[23]

7th National Assembly: 2011 – 2015 (Nigeria Law)

Federal Capital Territory Internal Revenue Service Act 2015[24]

8th National Assembly: 2015 – 2019 (Nigeria Law)

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition), (Enforcement And Administration) Act, 2015[25]

Decrees of the Federal Military Government (Nigeria Law)

Energy Commission of Nigeria Decree 1979. No. 62

Electricity (Amendment) Decree 1998.

NEPA (Amendment) Decree 1998.

Privatization and Commercialization Decree 1988. No. 25.

The Administration of Justice Commission Decree 1991 (No 55) [7]

The Admiralty Jurisdiction Decree 1991 (No 59) [8]

The Banks and Other Financial Institutions Decree 1991 [9]

The Central Bank of Nigeria Decree 1991 [10] (No 24)

The Exclusive Economic Zone Decree

The Land Use Decree 1978

The Petroleum Decree 1978

Meaning of Legislation in Nigeria (Nigeria Law)

Simply said, legislation is the law passed by a body with the necessary authority. Most people are familiar with it as the source of law. It is legitimately the main authority on law. In modern Nigeria, the National Assembly is responsible for making laws for the Federation. This is supported by the clause in Section 4(1) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria’s Constitution from 1999, as amended, which reads as follows:

The Senate and the House of Representatives make up the National Assembly for the Federation, which has legislative authority over the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Acts, ordinances, decrees, edicts, and laws are all types of legislation. In a democracy, acts are laws created by the national legislature. Ordinances are ordinances that were passed by the central legislature prior to October 1, 1954. (when federalism was introduced). On the other hand, laws are state laws in a democracy whereas edicts are state laws enacted in a military government. Deeds are federal laws made under a military regime.

In a democracy, certain procedures as outlined in the Constitution must be followed before legislation can be approved. However, in the case of A.G.F vs. Guardian Newspaper Ltd and Ors[1], the courts found that all that is required for a decree to be enacted is the legal signature of the military Head of State.

The Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990 comprised all federal laws in Nigeria that were in effect as of January 31st, 1990. (L.F.N 1990). It was updated in 2002, and it is currently available as L.F.N 2004.

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